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Who is Jesus Christ (In Plain English)

101: the basics jesus spiritual foundations Dec 05, 2022

This article provides an overview of who Jesus is and gives a foundation for how you can explain Him to others. 

So...who is He?

  • Jesus is the Son of God and the second person of the Holy Trinity.
  • He has an equal yet distinct role and personhood from God the Father and Holy Spirit.
  • He is fully God AND fully human! 

(Matthew 28:19, John 1:1-18, John 10:1, 2 Corinthians 13:14)

If He is God, how'd He end up on Earth?

Chileeeee…humanity couldn’t seem to get it together! Our good friends Adam and Eve ate a particular fruit, which resulted not only in the separation between God and man, but sin entering the earth.

God wanted to fix the hot mess that was made. Before He even banished them from the garden, He already had a plan to reconcile us back to Him. Jesus was that plan. (Genesis 3)

The only One powerful enough to conquer sin and reconcile us back to God was God Himself! Being fully God, conceived of Holy Spirit, and born from a virgin, the Son of Man (Jesus) entered this world to save us all from our sins. (Matthew 1:21, Luke 1: 26-35, Colossians 1:15)

What did He do on earth?

At the age of 30, He started His ministry and taught about the Kingdom of God, challenged the hearts and motives of religious leaders, revealed Himself as the Messiah, and encouraged that salvation would come to those who believed in Him. (Matthew 7:21-28, John 3:3, John 4:25-26, John 14:6)

In the fulfillment of God’s Will, Jesus was arrested, crucified, and gave up His Spirit for the atonement of our sins. His body was buried, but our Savior was resurrected 3 days later. He spent 40 days on the earth teaching and encouraging His disciples. He then ascended to heaven so that Holy Spirit could come down and live in those who believed in Him. (Luke 24:1-12, Acts 1:4-9; 2:1-4, Romans 5:8, 1 John 2:2)

What's the importance of His death?

Remember that the sin of man put a separation between us and God - His holiness and our sin don’t mix. Instead of the temporary fixes of the old law (i.e. sacrifices in the Old Testament), a permanent fix occurred to reconcile us with God forever and give eternal life to those who believe.    

By substituting Himself as payment instead of making us pay for the consequences of sin, several things were accomplished on the cross. Some of them were:

  • All of our sins were nailed to the cross with Him (Isaiah 53:5-6)
  • We were reconciled to God (2 Corinthians 5:18-19)
  • We were saved from God’s wrath against sin (Romans 5:8-10)
  • We were set free from the power of sin (Romans 6:5-7)
  • A future resurrection/eternal life was guaranteed to those who have faith in Him (1 Corinthians 15:20)

This list isn’t exhaustive, but in summary: Through faith in Jesus Christ, humanity has peace with God. He paid the price with His death to give us the gift of salvation. All we have to do is receive it.  

Where is Jesus Christ now?

He is in heaven preparing paradise! For those who accept Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior, eternal glory awaits. One day, God will send Jesus back to gather all His children. It’ll be like back in the day with Adam and Eve - living in God’s presence without pain, heartache, and the bad things that come from sin.

Until that time, Jesus is in heaven:

  • Sitting at the right hand of God (Mark 16:19)
  • Interceding (praying) for us (Romans 8:34)
  • Preparing our heavenly homes (John 14:1-3)   

16 For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.  17 For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved.

John 3:16-17

Would you like to accept Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior? Click here


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